By Katherine L. Ellis, DVM; and Melissa R. King, DVM, PhD
Rehabilitation modalities are commonly used in equine athletes following musculoskeletal injury. However, there is often much confusion as to the appropriate application and the effects of these modalities. The following review provides a summary of the current human and equine peer-reviewed literature for commonly used rehabilitation modalities. The goal of this review is to provide equine practitioners with objective information to help guide rehabilitation programs.
Modalities covered include laser therapy, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), therapeutic ultrasound, radiofrequency diathermy, elastic therapeutic taping, pulsed electromagnetic field therapy (PEMF), underwater treadmill, whole-body vibration therapy, and neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES).
This two-part course consists of one proceedings paper and the accompanying 2019 AAEP Convention presentation.
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With the successful completion of this course, you will understand the human and equine research regarding
Continuing education credit:
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Continuing education credit:
“This program has been approved for 1 hour of continuing education credit in jurisdictions that recognize RACE approval; program #16-38714.“ Medical Program, Non-interactive/Anytime.
In many jurisdictions, programs sponsored by the AAEP are considered valid CE regardless of RACE approval. Each state board has its own requirements regarding the number of online (also known as: distance, anywhere, non-interactive) credits that may be applied toward licensure. There may also be restrictions on the number of non-medical (i.e. business or wellness) credits that apply toward licensure. Enrollees in online CE should check with their state veterinary board for complete information.
Once you have successfully completed the course, you will receive a downloadable .pdf certificate of completion. This form is for your own records. DO NOT SEND TO AAEP. Use this record to help you meet license renewal or academy requirements. Your certificate will reside in your AAEP Anywhere dashboard: select “My Account” and then “My Certificates.” A copy of the certificate is automatically emailed to you upon completing a course. Store the emailed certificate in an easily accessible place for your records.
Documentation of this type for license renewal and tax deduction purposes is similar. The individual licensed veterinarian is responsible for the accuracy of his or her own CE records. A license renewal form is a legal document that cannot be falsified without risking the loss of your license.